Free Term Paper on Creationism vs. Evolution

Creationism vs. Evolution

Evolution is clearly the most controversial topic in the public school science curriculum in the United States. Among scientists worldwide, there is no significant controversy about the basic scientific issues: the Earth is ancient (about 4.5 billion years old); living things have descended, with modification, from common ancestors; and natural selection, by adapting living things […]

Free Term Paper on Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, in one of its major pronouncements, prohibits the imposition of cruel and unusual punishment. Although most of the issues addressed by the U.S. Supreme Court regarding the interpretation of this clause center on applications of capital punishment, the true battleground has concerned something different. The question of whether […]

Free Term Paper on Cumulative Emissions

Cumulative Emissions

Since the mid-1850s the results of the industrial revolution have polluted the environment. When industrial manufacturing processes garner raw materials, they produce a product and by-products. These by-products are often wastes and chemicals. They have grown enormously since industrialization first began. In many urban areas, industrial emissions have accumulated for 150 years. These emissions are […]

Free Term Paper on Cybercrime

Cybercrime

According to a 2009 study conducted by the McAfee antivirus company and entitled “Unsecured Economies: Protecting Vital Information,” data theft and breaches from cybercrime likely cost businesses whose networks were hacked as much as $1 trillion globally. This huge cost included both losses in intellectual property rights as well as expenditures for losses in productivity […]

Free Term Paper on Deadbeat Parents

Deadbeat Parents

A question that has appeared in recent years, largely as a result of the increases in divorce and nonmarital child bearing, is the question of whether child support enforcement leads to an increase in deadbeat parents. Over the last few decades, the United States has witnessed an increase in the number of parents, mainly fathers, […]

Free Term Paper on Death Penalty

Death Penalty

Few issues in criminal justice are as controversial as the death penalty. For most people who support the death penalty, the execution of killers (and people who commit other horrible acts) makes sense. Death penalty supporters frequently state that executions do prevent those executed from committing heinous crimes again and that the example of executions […]

Free Term Paper on Debt, Deficits, and the Economy

Debt, Deficits, and the Economy

When conversation turns to the economy, one of the most popular topics of discussion is the government deficit. Newspaper columnists, TV pundits, and, of course, politicians never tire of talking about the size of the deficit and what it means for the economy. Big deficits are considered bad—except that back in the 1950s and 1960s, […]

Free Term Paper on Deep Ecology

Deep Ecology

Outline I. Introduction II. Deep Ecology’s Deep Roots III. The Defining Principles of Deep Ecology IV. Critiques of Deep Ecology V. Conclusion   I. Introduction Coined by the Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess in 1972, the term deep ecology designates both a philosophical and social/political movement intended to address the global environmental crisis. On a philosophical […]

Free Term Paper on Divorce

Divorce

Divorce can, with some justification, be viewed as either a problem, a symptom, or a solution. Which of these is or should be the prevailing view depends on who is looking at the subject. Different stakeholders are concerned with the quality of family life and the effects that divorce might have on individuals and the […]

Free Term Paper on DNA Usage in Criminal Justice

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is one of the most valuable discoveries of the 20th century. Imported from the medical and scientific fields, the application of DNA technology in the criminal justice system has revolutionized the way crimes are investigated and prosecuted. Once considered an irrelevant and “stupid molecule” (Watson 1997, 2), DNA is now frequently considered […]

Free Term Paper on Domestic Partnerships

Domestic Partnerships

Over the last 25 years, numerous legal options have emerged for same-sex and opposite-sex couples wishing to legitimize their intimate unions in ways other than through heterosexual legal marriage. Four of these options are civil unions, same-sex marriages, reciprocal beneficiaries, and licensed domestic partnerships. Outline I. Legal Options A. Civil Unions B. Same-Sex Marriage C. […]

Free Term Paper on Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence

Domestic violence, also known as intimate partner violence, is a significant concern in society today. It is estimated that 9 million couples, or one in six marriages, experience some form of intimate partner violence, with 21 percent of all violent crimes committed against women perpetrated by a romantic partner (Strong, DeVault, and Cohen 2010). Although […]

Free Term Paper on Domestic Violence Interventions

Domestic violence interventions

Domestic violence and the question of whether to intervene into the family dwelling affected by physical or psychological abuse has, until recently, been controversial because of the different viewpoints regarding the issue as one of privacy versus one of public accountability. Once domestic violence was viewed as a social problem, the controversies shifted to what […]

Free Term Paper on Driving While Intoxicated (DWI)

Driving While Intoxicated (DWI)

Policies that target driving while intoxicated (DWI) or that permit so-called suspicionless drug testing of specified groups (employees, students) demonstrate the conflict between promoting public health and safety and constricting individual liberty and privacy (Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives’ Association 1989). Anti-DWI laws are programs designed to reduce the damage caused by the mix of […]

Free Term Paper on Drug Trafficking

Drug Trafficking

When politicians and journalists speak about the U.S. -Mexico border, drug trafficking is viewed as only part of the problem of border security. Preventing terrorist entry and unauthorized immigration are the chief issues. Drug trafficking occurs at all U.S. ports of entry, including the U.S. -Mexico border, the U.S.-Canada border, airports, and sea lanes. Despite […]

Free Term Paper on Drugs

Drugs

Drugs enjoy a social significance different from other commodities, technologies, or artifacts. Celebrated by artists and visionaries from the 19th-century Romantics to the 20th-century Beats to 21st-century hip-hop musicians, drugs have been seen to shape minds and bodies in socially positive and problematic ways. Prescription drugs are credited with improving health, productivity, and well-being, whereas […]

Free Term Paper on Dumping Of Imports

Dumping Of Imports

Dumping is selling an imported product for less in the United States than the seller charges for a comparable product in the seller’s own domestic market. This kind of activity is illegal in the United States, even if it does not reduce competition. Antidumping is part of a broader set of laws that deal with […]

Free Term Paper on Early Childhood Education

Early Childhood Education

Early childhood education (ECE) is a controversial and contested field. Since the Progressive Era, debate has existed over what role federal, state, and local government agencies should play in providing families and their young children with access to ECE programs. Within the field itself, there are disputes over issues such as what type of care […]

Free Term Paper on Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders

Diagnosis and treatment of eating disorders typically are relegated to psychiatry, although cultural critics and feminists have pointed out that culture, rather than merely individual psychology and home environment, may also play a role in causing eating disorders. The majority of people diagnosed with eating disorders are white women, although the number of eating disorder […]

Free Term Paper on Elder Abuse

Elder Abuse

Elder abuse is a serious issue that affects families and society. Elder abuse involves the acts of commission (abuse) and omission (neglect), as do other definitions of domestic violence. Unlike spouse and child abuse, which were defined as key social issues in the 1960s, elder abuse did not surface as a social problem until the […]